Supaul is a town and a municipality that is headquarters of Supaul district in the Indian state of Bihar. Not far from this place is the Indian border connecting Nepal. The Supaul Town is the administrative headquarters of this district.
River Kosi flows through Supaul. After the construction of Kosi Dam the flood situation has improved in Supaul. This year though (2008) the river Kosi changed its course and took the route it used to take 200 years ago. As a result major parts of Supaul districts were flooded. These were the worst floods since 1954. Supaul is known for communal harmony. Supaul need special attention from the elected representative and govt. to enhance the local infrastructre along with enhancing the capability of human resource by scaling up the literacy rate. This area direly need agro industries which will heavily benefit farmers as main occupation is agriculture here.
Supaul is located at. It has an average elevation of 34 metres (111 feet). Rivers: Kosi
Supaul,Thumaha, Bagahi, Triveniganj, Birpur, Nirmali, Kishanpur, Saraigadh-Bhaptiyahi, Pipra, Jagatpur, Garh-Baruari, Basantpur, Simrahi bazar, Raghopur, Karjain, Pratapganj, Shyamnagar, Chhatapur, Tamkulha,pilwaha, Jadiya(Sitaram Nagar), parsarma, Bihra – Patory, Motipur-Birdah, Simrahi Bazar, Navipur ,Shahpur Chowk, Laukaha Bazar, Rajpurhat, these places are also well known for business, one more interesting thing of Laukaha Bazar is Dussehra which is celebrated every year over here. Dharhara (Ganpatganj) is holy place for “Shiv Lings“. And also a famous place known as Nizam Chowk, Bhagwanpur – Paterwa ( in Basantpur Block ) which is birthplace of Haji Bilal Ahmad Rahmani ( Mujahid – e – Tapu ), Shahid Habib Falahi, Shameem Akhtar Falahi & many also famous person.
Supaul has a rich history. The District of Supaul had been a part of Mithilanchal since the Vedic period. The area has been referred to as the fishery area (Matsya Kshetra) in the Hindu mythology. The two oldest democracies namely Angutaran and Apadnigam are known for their existence in the Buddhist era, which comprises today’s area of district Supaul.
The river Kosi which is considered as the sorrow of Bihar, flows through the district. Its major tributaries are Tilyuga Chhaimra, Kali, Tilawe, Bhenga, Mirchaiya, Sursar. The type of soil is sandy. Some where it is acetic and somewhere it is basic in nature. Supaul district in Bihar covers an area of 2,420 km2. Supaul district is part of the Koshi division. Supaul town is the administrative headquarters of the district. The district is bounded by Nepal in the north, Saharsa in the south, by Araria district in the east and on the west by Madhubani district. The East-West corridor(National Highway-57) is passing in Simrahi Bazar, Near Shahpur Prathi Patti, Supaul, Raghopur. There are famous schools called Williams High School which is 112 years old. Apart from it there also few school who has become popular in these days. There is a public club which is more than 100 yrs old. Supaul is well connected to capital of state and country with roads but railway is so poor . Politically Supaul stands ahead with comparison to other district and it is a lok sabhaconstituency which produced eminent leaders like Lalit Narayan Mishra(Former Railway Minister), Jagdish Mandal and many more. Well – known 1974 batch IPS officer Late Randhir Prasad Verma belongs to this district town of the village Jagatpur, R. K . Singh former home secretary of Indian government (2013 ) is also born here.
Madrassa Mazharul Uloom, Paterwa ( Stablished in 1908 )
Madrassa Rahmania, Bhagwanpur (1975 )
Jamia Islamia Riyazul Uloom, Shankerpur,
Jamia Salfia Miftahul Uloom, Bairiya Kamal, Balbhadra pur, Birpur.
Other good school is Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Supaul which was established in the year 1987 in accordance with the National Policy of Education 1986. It is fully residential, Co-educational school affiliated to CBSE, New Delhi having classes from VIth to XII standard.
Parallely there are many private schools as well trying to uplift the quality of education.
As of 2011 India census,Supaul had population of 2,228,397 of which male and female were 1,157,815 and 1,070,582 respectively. The initial provisional data suggest a density of 919 in 2011 compared to 714 of 2001. Total area under Supaul district is of about 2,425 km2. With regards to Sex Ratio in Supaul, it stood at 925 per 1000 male compared to 2001 census figure of 920. The average national sex ratio in India is 940 as per latest reports of Census 2011 Directorate.